How Israel’s Declaration of Independence Became Its Constitution

Israel’s founders made little of the declaration at the time. It took decades of work by figures of widely different political stripes to make it the towering document it is today.

November 1, 2021 | Martin Kramer
About the author: Martin Kramer teaches Middle Eastern history and served as founding president at Shalem College in Jerusalem, and is the Walter P. Stern fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Flag-bearing jeeps at the head of a parade marking the 25th anniversary of the Israeli declaration of independence in Jerusalem on May 8, 1973. Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

This is the final installment in Martin Kramer’s series on how Israel’s declaration of independence came about, and what the text reveals about the country it brought into being. Six previous installments can be seen here.—The Editors

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