In 1970, archaeologists discovered a scroll in the ark of an ancient synagogue in Ein Gedi. The scroll was severely burned in a fire, rendering it unreadable. Now, using cutting-edge technology, experts have deciphered the text. Whitney Harder writes (with video):
It turns out that part of this scroll is from the beginning of the book of Leviticus, written in Hebrew and dated by C14 analysis . . . to the late 6th century CE. To date, this is the most ancient scroll from the five books of the Hebrew Bible to be found since the Dead Sea scrolls, most of which are ascribed to the end of the Second Temple period (the 1st century BCE and the 1st century CE). . . .
The Ein Gedi scroll was scanned with a micro-computed tomography machine. . . . The scanning process is x-ray-based and completely non-invasive, as the Ein Gedi scroll is badly damaged from fire and cannot be physically opened. . . .
This is [also] the first time in any archaeological excavation that a Torah scroll was found in a synagogue.