During the Russian civil war (1917-1922), various parties to the conflict carried out horrifying pogroms against Jewish civilians in Ukraine and Belarus, leaving tens, if not hundreds, of thousands dead and countless others maimed or raped. Jeffrey Veidlinger, Elissa Bemporad, Efim Melamed, and Eric Weitz discuss this bloody episode, its impact on Soviet Jewish history, and its relationship with the Holocaust. (Video, two hours; includes some contemporary footage of the aftermath of pogroms, beginning at 1:07:34.)
The Forgotten Slaughter of Ukrainian Jewry
Understanding Hizballah’s Sprawling South American Crime Syndicate
Sunday marked the 27th anniversary of Hizballah’s bloody bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, which demonstrated to the world the long reach of the Lebanon-based terrorist group. But its presence in Latin America goes far beyond plotting attacks: located on the continent is the heart of its global criminal empire, which Hizballah uses to supplement the income it receives from its masters in Tehran. Emanuele Ottolenghi, drawing on detailed and extensive research, explains the inner workings of the group’s illicit operations, and its recent attempt to relocate networks disrupted by the U.S. and Europe to the tri-border area (TBA), where Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil meet.