The 1917 revolution brought economic collapse to all of the tsar’s former subjects. Meanwhile, various combatants in the ensuing civil war—and the nascent Soviet Union’s war with Poland—targeted Jews in particular, leaving some 150,000 dead. Yet, paradoxically, this period was also one of liberation, as Jews were freed from age-old legal restrictions and saw new opportunities. Following World War II, without these new freedoms being revoked, official Soviet anti-Semitism became the norm. In a concise but sweeping lecture, Samuel Kassow tells the story of the revolutionary years and the decades that followed.
How the Russian Revolution Transformed East European Jewry
Hamas Returns to Its Cycle of Extortion
Last week, Hamas resumed launching explosives attached to balloons and kites into Israel, one of which landed in the southern town of Arad. The IDF responded with airstrikes, and the terrorist group first test-fired a barrage of missile into the Mediterranean and then fired a missile at an Israeli town—provoking further counterstrikes. Why disturb the peace now? Because, writes Yoav Limor, the monthly aid Hamas receives from Qatar is set to expire next month: