In the minds of many Americans, Christian support for the Jewish state stems from various ideas about the end of history. And indeed, dispensationalism—a school of Christian thinking about the unfolding of history—has played an important role in Christian Zionism. But increasingly those devout Christians who believe it to be their duty to support the Jewish state do so because of a new theology that sees the Jews’ status as God’s chosen people as irrevocable. Gerald McDermott, among the foremost scholarly proponents of this theory, explains his thinking to the Christian Hebrew Bible scholar Dru Johnson, who poses tough questions about anti-Semitism, anti-Zionism, and the place of Jews in Christian notions of salvation. (Audio, 34 minutes.)
The New Christian Zionism Is about God’s Covenant with Israel, Not the Apocalypse
When It Comes to Peace with Israel, Many Saudis Have Religious Concerns
While roughly a third of Saudis are willing to cooperate with the Jewish state in matters of technology and commerce, far fewer are willing to allow Israeli teams to compete within the kingdom—let alone support diplomatic normalization. These are just a few results of a recent, detailed, and professional opinion survey—a rarity in Saudi Arabia—that has much bearing on current negotiations involving Washington, Jerusalem, and Riyadh. David Pollock notes some others:
When asked about possible factors “in considering whether or not Saudi Arabia should establish official relations with Israel,” the Saudi public opts first for an Islamic—rather than a specifically Saudi—agenda: almost half (46 percent) say it would be “important” to obtain “new Israeli guarantees of Muslim rights at al-Aqsa Mosque and al-Haram al-Sharif [i.e., the Temple Mount] in Jerusalem.” Prioritizing this issue is significantly more popular than any other option offered. . . .
This popular focus on religion is in line with responses to other controversial questions in the survey. Exactly the same percentage, for example, feel “strongly” that “our country should cut off all relations with any other country where anybody hurts the Quran.”
By comparison, Palestinian aspirations come in second place in Saudi popular perceptions of a deal with Israel. Thirty-six percent of the Saudi public say it would be “important” to obtain “new steps toward political rights and better economic opportunities for the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza.” Far behind these drivers in popular attitudes, surprisingly, are hypothetical American contributions to a Saudi-Israel deal—even though these have reportedly been under heavy discussion at the official level in recent months.
Therefore, based on this analysis of these new survey findings, all three governments involved in a possible trilateral U.S.-Saudi-Israel deal would be well advised to pay at least as much attention to its religious dimension as to its political, security, and economic ones.