The Medieval Origins of the Kaddish

While the kaddish may be the best known piece of Jewish liturgy, particularly in its function as a prayer for the dead, there is no mention of mourners reciting it until the 12th century, and then only in texts from France and Germany. David Shyovitz, questioning previous theories of the prayer’s origin, suggests his own:

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Read more at theTorah.com

More about: Afterlife, Crusades, Kaddish, Prayer, Rabbi Akiva, Religion & Holidays

Why Qatar Is a Problematic Ally

Sept. 29 2020

On September 14, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and his Qatari counterpart met and signed an agreement on cultural exchange, followed by an official statement from Foggy Bottom about “shared ideas of tolerance.” Since then, there have also been reports that the U.S. is considering awarding the peninsular monarchy the status of a major non-NATO ally, and even that Doha will be next in line to normalize its relations with Israel. The fact remains, however, that the Qatari educational system is rife with anti-Semitic indoctrination. Moreover, argues Efraim Inbar, it would be strategically foolish for Washington to reward Qatar with upgraded relations:

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Read more at Jerusalem Post

More about: Al Jazeera, Anti-Semitism, Hamas, Muslim Brotherhood, Qatar, U.S. Foreign policy