An Egyptologist’s Case for the Historicity of the Exodus

Raised in Egypt by American Christian missionaries in the years before the Six-Day War, James Hoffmeier later pursued a career as an Egyptologist—but, unlike most others in this field, he also has paid much scholarly attention to the Hebrew Bible. Hoffmeier argues that the book of Exodus displays extensive signs of familiarity with the culture of Pharaonic Egypt, and could not have been composed—as many academic Biblicists today believe—by someone living under Persian or Babylonian several centuries after the events it describes. After making his case on philological and archaeological grounds, he explains why, as a devout Christian, he believes it important to see the Exodus as a historical event rather than a mere parable or legend. (Interview by Dru Johnson. Audio, 50 minutes.)


Read more at Center for Hebraic Thought

More about: Ancient Egypt, Exodus, Hebrew Bible

The IDF’s First Investigation of Its Conduct on October 7 Is Out

For several months, the Israel Defense Forces has been investigating its own actions on and preparedness for October 7, with an eye to understanding its failures. The first of what are expected to be many reports stemming from this investigation was released yesterday, and it showed a series of colossal strategic and tactical errors surrounding the battle at Kibbutz Be’eri, writes Emanuel Fabian. The probe, he reports, was led by Maj. Gen. (res.) Mickey Edelstein.

Edelstein and his team—none of whom had any involvement in the events themselves, according to the IDF—spent hundreds of hours investigating the onslaught and battle at Be’eri, reviewing every possible source of information, from residents’ WhatsApp messages to both Israeli and Hamas radio communications, as well as surveillance videos, aerial footage, interviews of survivors and those who fought, plus visits to the scene.

There will be a series of further reports issued this summer.

IDF chief Halevi in a statement issued alongside the probe said that while this was just the first investigation into the onslaught, which does not reflect the entire picture of October 7, it “clearly illustrates the magnitude of the failure and the dimensions of the disaster that befell the residents of the south who protected their families with their bodies for many hours, and the IDF was not there to protect them.” . . .

The IDF hopes to present all battle investigations by the end of August.

The IDF’s probes are strictly limited to its own conduct. For a broader look at what went wrong, Israel will have to wait for a formal state commission of inquiry to be appointed—which happens to be the subject of this month’s featured essay in Mosaic.

Read more at Times of Israel

More about: Gaza War 2023, IDF, Israel & Zionism, October 7