How to Judge Evidence for the Exodus

An event like the exodus can’t be “proved” in the manner of a scientific experiment. The way to judge is through the adding-up of suggestive details and reliable witnesses.

A statue of Ramesses II in Luxor, Egypt. Mohammed Moussa/Wikipedia.

A statue of Ramesses II in Luxor, Egypt. Mohammed Moussa/Wikipedia.

Response
March 9 2015
About the author

Richard S. Hess is Earl S. Kalland professor of Old Testament and Semitic languages at Denver Seminary in Littleton, Colorado. He is the author of Israelite Religions: An Archaeological and Biblical Survey (2007) and co-editor, with Bill T. Arnold, of Ancient Israel’s History: An Introduction to Issues and Sources (2014).


Since I’m in general agreement with Joshua Berman’s analysis in “Was There an Exodus?,” I’d like to focus here on amplifying a few of his central points.

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More about: Biblical criticism, Exodus, Hebrew Bible, History & Ideas