I thank Michael Walzer and Ben Cohen for their comments and their complimentary words, and Kenneth Marcus for his insights. I hasten to offer Walzer my apology if he feels I did him an injustice by not mentioning his comment in Fathom that he would have embraced the IHRA working definition of anti-Semitism were he based in or focused on the UK rather than the U.S. Had I been criticizing him, I certainly would have felt obliged to do so, but I was not criticizing him. I singled him out for citation because among the many signatories of the Jerusalem Declaration on Anti-Semitism (JDA), he is among those I respect most; also because he is an undoubted friend of Israel’s; and because he offered the most cogent defense of the JDA that I have seen, which was the point on which I quoted him.
Anti-Semitic Acts Don't Have to Involve Hatred of Jews
Many of those who would do away with Israel evince no pre-existing hostility to Jews that I can see. But their motivations are beside the point.