If it happened, it was over money, not theology.
A philosopher’s approach.
And his ode to freedom of inquiry.
A tale of three former yeshiva students.
Amsterdam’s Portuguese Jewish community has declined—rightly—to rescind its notorious 1656 ban of excommunication against the renegade philosopher.
The incompatibility of reason and revelation may be a modern fetish; to the ancients, the medievals, and even the early moderns, there was such. . .
The history of Europe since the 18th century has been the story of successive attempts to find alternatives to God. The costs are mounting up.