Leo Strauss, Benedict Spinoza, and Orthodoxy.
Why stop at saying that belief is just as rational as unbelief?
“A dialogue with Maimonides.”
It’s hard to be a Jewish philosopher.
Reading the Bible as a justification for liberty.
Kabbalah, the “ancient Hebrews,” and Europe’s most famous Jewish heretic.
If it happened, it was over money, not theology.
A philosopher’s approach.
Subsuming Judaism to liberalism.
And his ode to freedom of inquiry.
A tale of three former yeshiva students.
Amsterdam’s Portuguese Jewish community has declined—rightly—to rescind its notorious 1656 ban of excommunication against the renegade philosopher.
The incompatibility of reason and revelation may be a modern fetish; to the ancients, the medievals, and even the early moderns, there was such. . .
The history of Europe since the 18th century has been the story of successive attempts to find alternatives to God. The costs are mounting up.