One of the earliest representations of a menorah ever found.
Though officially banned from their capital since the Bar-Kokhba revolt (132–135 C.E.), Jews were still living there two centuries later when Constantine made it Christian.
A gold medallion etched with the image of a menorah may be the oldest Torah ornament ever found in an archaeological dig.
Three new books shed new light on the clash of empires and religions from Africa to Persia in the midst of which Islam emerged.