Two competing responses to blood in the sanctuary.
Originally, the kindling of lights was not part of the holiday.
For Herzl, Zionism was not merely about providing an escape from anti-Semitism.
American Judaism is losing both commitment and moderation.
May God avenge their blood.
Projecting fantasies of power.
“I benefited from many Jewish guides and guideposts on my road to Roman Catholicism.”
The Sabbath is universal, but the holidays speak to Jewish particularity.
Then as now, both.
Feelings of awe, and dependence on God, are not the same as devotion.