“We won! Am Yisrael ḥai!”
An 11th-century talmudic encyclopedia.
Most of it has not been found.
The late chief rabbi of Rome was an example of what Jews and Christians can do together.
In 1555, Pope Paul IV ordered Jews to be confined to separate, closed-off neighborhoods. Soon ghettos appeared in cities throughout Italy, including Rome, where Jews. . .
Amid the joyous clamor of today’s ex-ghetto, the voices of its last inhabitants, hunted down by Nazi soldiers in October 1943, can still be heard.