Abraham Didn’t Found the Abrahamic Religions

Over the past century, there has been a growing trend to imagine the biblical figure Abraham as the founder of monotheism and progenitor of the three “Abrahamic religions,” namely Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It is true that all three faiths revere Abraham, and also share certain ideas about God. But, Jon D. Levenson argues in conversation with the scholar of Islam Gabriel Said Reynolds, the Abraham of Genesis doesn’t come across as the founder of a religion, certainly not in the sense that Buddha, Confucius, or Mohammad were. Levenson instead explains Abraham as a father, who establishes not a belief system but “a natural family with a supernatural vocation.” (Video, 68 minutes.)


Read more at Exploring the Quran and the Bible

More about: Abraham, Christianity, Hebrew Bible, Islam, Monotheism


Using the Power of the Law to Fight Anti-Semitism

Examining carefully the problem of anti-Semitism, and sympathy with jihadists, at American universities, Danielle Pletka addresses the very difficult problem of what can be done about it. Pletka avoids such simplistic answers as calling for more education and turns instead to a more promising tool: law. The complex networks of organizations funding and helping to organize campus protests are often connected to malicious states like Qatar, and to U.S.-designated terrorist groups. Thus, without broaching complex questions of freedom of speech, state and federal governments already have ample justifications to crack down. Pletka also suggests various ways existing legal frameworks can be strengthened.

And that’s not all:

What is Congress’s ultimate leverage? Federal funding. Institutions of higher education in the United States will receive north of $200 billion from the federal government in 2024.

[In addition], it is critical to understand that foreign funders have been allowed, more or less, to turn U.S. institutions of higher education into political fiefdoms, with their leaders and faculty serving as spokesmen for foreign interests. Under U.S. law currently, those who enter into contracts or receive funding to advocate for the interest of a foreign government are required to register with the Department of Justice under the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA). This requirement is embedded in a criminal statute, and a violation risks jail time. There is no reason compliance by American educational institutions with disclosure laws should not be subject to similar criminal penalties.

Read more at Commentary

More about: American law, Anti-Semitism, Israel on campus