For centuries, Istanbul was home to a large community of speakers of Ladino—a variant of Spanish unique to descendants of the Jews who had fled the Iberian Peninsula and found refuge in the Ottoman empire. By the 20th century, Istanbul’s Jews had their own Ladino newspapers. Izak Baron presents pictures of advertisements from local newspapers, some dated as late as the 1970s. These include a Rosh Hashanah greeting from the Jewish hospital, an advertisement for a private tutor offering lessons in French, English, Hebrew, and math, and—naturally—another advertisement for kosher salami and pastrami.
Ladino Advertisements from Old Istanbul
The Ugly Roots of Ireland’s Anti-Israel Policies
Prime Minister Varadkar’s meretricious messaging concerning the freeing of a kidnapped child is only one example of the Irish government’s perverse reaction to Hamas’s assault on Israel. Varadkar has accused the IDF of pursuing “something approaching revenge” in Gaza, and compared the Israeli war effort to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. His parliament, meanwhile, came close to expelling the Israeli ambassador. Terry Glavin writes:
In a recent interview, . . . the retired Irish diplomat Niall Holohan put it this way: “We feel we have been victimized over the centuries. It’s part of our psyche—underneath it all we side with the underdog.” But there’s something else in the Irish psyche that’s impolite to mention in the comfy Dublin pubs and bistros. . . . Not a few of Ireland’s gallant and celebrated champions of the underdog, its heroes of Irish freedom, were vulgar anti-Semites and Nazi collaborators.
And in recent years, Irish Jews are commonly baited, harassed, and badgered every time there is some eruption in Israel involving Palestinian “resistance.”
The republican pamphleteer Arthur Griffith approved [of anti-Jewish agitation in Limerick in 1904], calling Jews “usurers and parasites.” Griffiths was one of the founders of Sinn Féin, in 1905, and he served as Sinn Féin’s president in 1911.
There was always a deep division in the Irish nationalist movement between Irish republicans who felt an affinity with the Jews owing to a shared history of dispossession and exile, and Catholic extremists who ranted and raved about Jews. Those Catholic shouters are still abroad, apparently unaware that for half a century, Catholic doctrine has established that anti-Semitism is a mortal sin.