The Oldest Jewish Library Still in Use

During the 16th and 17th centuries, Portuguese subjects whose ancestors had converted from Judaism to Catholicism began to settle in the Netherlands, which had recently won its independence from Spain, In the more tolerant atmosphere they found there, they began reverting to Judaism. This new Sephardi community opened a school in 1616, complete with a library. Six decades later, the library moved into the newly established Spanish and Portuguese synagogue, where it remains today—the world’s oldest active Jewish library. Heidi Warncke, in conversation with Avi Garson, discusses the library’s history and the story of the community that founded it, and shows some of its remarkable—and often beautiful—books, manuscripts, and artifacts. (Video, 69 minutes.)


Read more at The Ḥabura

More about: Dutch Jewry, Jewish history, Libraries, Sephardim


How America Sowed the Seeds of the Current Middle East Crisis in 2015

Analyzing the recent direct Iranian attack on Israel, and Israel’s security situation more generally, Michael Oren looks to the 2015 agreement to restrain Iran’s nuclear program. That, and President Biden’s efforts to resurrect the deal after Donald Trump left it, are in his view the source of the current crisis:

Of the original motivations for the deal—blocking Iran’s path to the bomb and transforming Iran into a peaceful nation—neither remained. All Biden was left with was the ability to kick the can down the road and to uphold Barack Obama’s singular foreign-policy achievement.

In order to achieve that result, the administration has repeatedly refused to punish Iran for its malign actions:

Historians will survey this inexplicable record and wonder how the United States not only allowed Iran repeatedly to assault its citizens, soldiers, and allies but consistently rewarded it for doing so. They may well conclude that in a desperate effort to avoid getting dragged into a regional Middle Eastern war, the U.S. might well have precipitated one.

While America’s friends in the Middle East, especially Israel, have every reason to feel grateful for the vital assistance they received in intercepting Iran’s missile and drone onslaught, they might also ask what the U.S. can now do differently to deter Iran from further aggression. . . . Tehran will see this weekend’s direct attack on Israel as a victory—their own—for their ability to continue threatening Israel and destabilizing the Middle East with impunity.

Israel, of course, must respond differently. Our target cannot simply be the Iranian proxies that surround our country and that have waged war on us since October 7, but, as the Saudis call it, “the head of the snake.”

Read more at Free Press

More about: Barack Obama, Gaza War 2023, Iran, Iran nuclear deal, U.S. Foreign policy