Understanding the Fighting God of Exodus

In a recent book entitled YHWH Fights for Them!, Charlie Trimm analyzes the use of martial imagery to describe God in the first fifteen chapters of the book of Exodus. Peter Leithart writes in his review:

[Trimm] isolates divine-warrior passages partly by looking for military terminology; even when God is not identified as a “mighty man” (gibbor), he might be carrying on a war by “striking” the Egyptians. . . . God uses the weapons of nature to carry on his war against Pharaoh, and he looks at the “psychological” effects of the divine warrior, especially the panic he strikes in his enemies. . . .

Putting the divine-warrior motif in the context of the exodus narrative demonstrates that God’s is a just war. Trimm runs through the appearances of Egypt in Genesis, showing that it is depicted positively in the main. This [depiction] climaxes with the offer of the land of Goshen to Jacob and his family; Trimm sees in this a sign of God’s intention to bless nations through Israel.

[But] this generosity is in the background when Exodus begins, and we see Pharaoh and indeed all Egypt rejecting God and reneging on the gift of land.

Read more at First Things

More about: Egypt, Exodus, Hebrew Bible, Just War, Religion & Holidays

While Israel Is Distracted on Two Fronts, Iran Is on the Verge of Building Nuclear Weapons

Iran recently announced its plans to install over 1,000 new advanced centrifuges at its Fordow nuclear facility. Once they are up and running, the Institute for Science and International Security assesses, Fordow will be able to produce enough highly enriched uranium for three nuclear bombs in a mere ten days. The U.S. has remained indifferent. Jacob Nagel writes:

For more than two decades, Iran has continued its efforts to enhance its nuclear-weapons capability—mainly by enriching uranium—causing Israel and the world to concentrate on the fissile material. The International Atomic Energy Agency recently confirmed that Iran has a huge stockpile of uranium enriched to 60 percent, as well as more enriched to 20 percent, and the IAEA board of governors adopted the E3 (France, Germany, UK) proposed resolution to censure Iran for the violations and lack of cooperation with the agency. The Biden administration tried to block it, but joined the resolution when it understood its efforts to block it had failed.

To clarify, enrichment of uranium above 20 percent is unnecessary for most civilian purposes, and transforming 20-percent-enriched uranium to the 90-percent-enriched product necessary for producing weapons is a relatively small step. Washington’s reluctance even to express concern about this development appears to stem from an unwillingness to acknowledge the failures of President Obama’s nuclear policy. Worse, writes Nagel, it is turning a blind eye to efforts at weaponization. But Israel has no such luxury:

Israel must adopt a totally new approach, concentrating mainly on two main efforts: [halting] Iran’s weaponization actions and weakening the regime hoping it will lead to its replacement. Israel should continue the fight against Iran’s enrichment facilities (especially against the new deep underground facility being built near Natanz) and uranium stockpiles, but it should not be the only goal, and for sure not the priority.

The biggest danger threatening Israel’s existence remains the nuclear program. It would be better to confront this threat with Washington, but Israel also must be fully prepared to do it alone.

Read more at Ynet

More about: Iran nuclear program, Israeli Security, Joseph Biden, U.S. Foreign policy